-ize

-ize
or -ise
suffix forming verbs meaning:
1》 make or become: privatize.
    ↘cause to resemble: Americanize.
2》 treat in a specified way: pasteurize.
    ↘treat or cause to combine with a specified substance: carbonize.
3》 follow a specified practice: agonize.
    ↘subject to a practice: hospitalize.
Derivatives
-ization suffix.
-izer suffix.
Origin
from Fr. -iser, via late L. -izare from Gk verbs ending in -izein.
Usage
The forms -ize and -ise are, in many cases, straightforward spelling variants. However, the -ise spelling is obligatory in certain cases: first, where it forms part of a larger word element, such as -mise in compromise; and second, in verbs corresponding to nouns with -s- in the stem, such as advertise and televise.

English new terms dictionary. 2014.

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